A car traveling along the straight portions of the road


A car traveling along the straight portions of the road has the velocities indicated in the figure when it arrives at points A,B, and C. If it takes 3 s to go from A to B, and then 5 s to go from B to C, determine the average acceleration between points A and B and between points A and C.

A car traveling along the straight portions of the road

Image from: R. C. Hibbeler, K. B. Yap, and S. C. Fan, Mechanics for Engineers: Dynamics (SI Edition), 13th ed. Singapore: Pearson Education South Asia, 2013.

Solution:

We will first write the velocity of the car at locations, A, B and C in Cartesian vector form like so:

v_A=\left\{20i\right\} m/s

v_B=30\cos45^0i+30\sin45^0j=\left\{21.2i+21.2j\right\} m/s

v_C=\left\{40i\right\} m/s

 

The average acceleration can be found by dividing velocity by time:

a=\dfrac{\Delta v}{\Delta t}

a_{AB}=\dfrac{(21.2i+21.2j)-(20i)}{3}

a_{AB}=\left\{0.4i+7.07j\right\} m/s^2
 

a_{AC}=\dfrac{40i-20i}{3+5}

a_{AC}=\left\{2.5i\right\} m/s^2

 

This question can be found in Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics (SI edition), 13th edition, chapter 12, question 12-79.

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