Use nodal analysis to find Io


Use nodal analysis to find Io in the network in Fig. P3.11.

Use nodal analysis to find Io

Image from: J. D. Irwin and R. M. Nelms, Basic engineering circuit analysis, 10th ed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley, 2011.

Solution:

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We will “bend” the wires in the circuit diagram to better see the nodes like so:

Use nodal analysis to find Io

Notice, as with the previous question, we simply bend the “empty” wire segments so that it is easier for us to visualize. This diagram is still the same as the original diagram.

Now, we will label our nodes and currents.

Use nodal analysis to find Io

Looking at the orange node, V_1, we can write a KCL equation.

In the following equations, k=10^3 and m=10^{-3}

I_1+I_2+2m=4m

Let us express these currents in terms of voltage and resistance using I=\dfrac{V}{R}.

\dfrac{V_1-V_2}{4k}+\dfrac{V_1}{2k}+2m=4m\,\,\,\color{orange} {\text{(eq.1)}}

 

Now, let us write a KCL equation for the purple node, V_2.

I_3+I_4+I_5+4m=6m

Expressing these in terms of voltage and resistance gives us:

\dfrac{V_2-V_1}{4k}+\dfrac{V_2}{4k}+\dfrac{V_2}{12k}+4m=6m\,\,\,\color{purple} {\text{(eq.2)}}

 

Solving equations 1 and 2 simultaneously gives us (see full steps):

V_1=4.44 v

V_2=5.33 v

 

From our diagram, we know:

I_0=I_5

I_0=\dfrac{V_2}{12k}

I_0=\dfrac{5.33}{12k}

I_0=0.44 mA

 

Final Answer:

I_0=0.44 mA

 

This question can be found in Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 10th edition, chapter 3, question 3.11.

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