The car travels from A to B, and then from B to C, as shown in the figure. Determine the magnitude of the displacement of the car and the distance traveled.

#### Solution:

We can write the directions of travel by the car in Cartesian form. Assume point A is our origin. Therefore, we can write the following (we are creating a position vector from A to C):

\Delta r=\left\{2i-3j\right\} km

The displacement is then the magnitude of this vector:

r_{displacement}=\sqrt{(2)^2+(-3)^2}=3.6 km

The total distance traveled is simply the addition of lengths:

distance = 2 km + 3 km = 5 km