# Determine the magnitude of the vertical force

Determine the magnitude of the vertical force F acting on the handle of the wrench so that this force produces a component of moment along the AB axis (x axis) of the pipe assembly of $(M_A)_x=\left\{-5i\right\}$ N•m. Both the pipe assembly ABC and the wrench lie in the x-y plane. Suggestion: Use a scalar analysis. Image from: Hibbeler, R. C., S. C. Fan, Kai Beng. Yap, and Peter Schiavone. Statics: Mechanics for Engineers. Singapore: Pearson, 2013.

#### Solution:

As with the previous question, we will use scalar analysis. Let us calculate the perpendicular distance from the x-axis to force F as follows: Diagram not to scale

The distance d can be calculated using geometry.

$d=0.15\sin45^0+0.2\sin45^0$

$d=0.2475$ m

Let us now write an equation for the moment along the x-axis.

$M_x=\sum M_x$

$M_x=(F)(d)$

Substitute the values we know:

$-5=(-F)(0.2475)$

(Force F is negative because it is applied downwards (negative z-axis))

$F=20.2$ N

$F=20.2$ N