The springs AB and BC each have a stiffness


The springs AB and BC each have a stiffness of 600 N/m and an unstretched length of 1.5 m. Determine the horizontal force F applied to the cord which is attached to the small pulley B so that the displacement of the pulley from the wall is d = 0.75 m.

The springs AB and BC each have a stiffness

Image from: Hibbeler, R. C., S. C. Fan, Kai Beng. Yap, and Peter Schiavone. Statics: Mechanics for Engineers. Singapore: Pearson, 2013.

Solution:

We will first draw a free body diagram.

The springs AB and BC each have a stiffness

Note that the force in spring BA is equal to the tension in spring BC because the force is applied at the center and both springs have the same stiffness.

 

We can use the pythagorean theorm to figure out how far the spring stretches when d = 0.75 m.

spring stretch = \sqrt{1.5^2+0.75^2}

spring stretch = 1.677 m

 

We can now use hooks law to figure out the tension in each of the springs.

T=ks

(Where T is force, k is the stiffness of the spring, and s is the length of stretch)

T\,=\,(600)(1.677-1.5)

T=106.2 N

 

Next step is to write our equations of equilibrium.Ā We will assumeĀ forces going \rightarrow^+ to beĀ positive and \uparrow+ to beĀ positive.

Show me the free body diagram

\rightarrow ^+\sum \text{F}_\text{x}=0

 

2(T(\dfrac{0.75}{1.667}))-F=0

(Because the tension in both springs is the same, we can multiple T by 2 and achieve the same answer)

(Substitute the value of T we found and solve for F)

2(106.2)(\dfrac{0.75}{1.667})-F=0

F\,=\,95.6N

This question can be found in Engineering Mechanics: Statics (SI edition), 13th edition, chapter 3, question 3-13.

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